Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Pros and Cons of Gender Quotas Essay

There has been an extensive improvement of female portrayal in numerous everyday issues in the previous century: in â€Å"2012, ladies brought home in excess of 33% of the medals† granted at the London Olympics, however more significantly, â€Å"the level of ladies on the sheets of the 100 biggest organizations has ascended over the previous year to a record of 15. 6%. What's more, over the most recent a half year, 35% of new board arrangements to FTSE 250 organizations have been women† (Braund). Numerous nations, drove by Norway, have advanced female portrayal by actualizing sexual orientation quantities for corporate sheets and they do so in light of the fact that sex amounts increment decent variety in the working environment and with expanded assorted variety comes numerous subsidiary advantages. Expanded assorted variety without anyone else is a huge advantage; â€Å"it is in congruity with the ideas of balance and representation† (Bilkisu). By expanding decent variety on corporate sheets, we can â€Å"give quick increment in women’s portrayal [and] ensure ‘equality of results’ for ladies and men aspirants† and, in doing as such, bolster the ideas of opportunity and freedom that this nation was found upon (Bilkisu). Moreover, not exclusively do sexual orientation portions advance popular government through expanded assorted variety, they likewise help to overcome the propensities of gatherings made out of comparable people. Corporate sheets with individuals that â€Å"have comparable foundations and have experienced comparative socialization are almost certainly to share perspectives and assumptions and [are] less inclined to take part in vivacious conversation and to challenge management† (Gratton). Sharing perspectives and assumptions and the hesitance to banter among each other outcomes in oblivious compliance, in which bunch individuals attempt to limit struggle by arriving at agreement and thusly make a climate of diminished imagination, uniqueness, and autonomous reasoning. This situation frequently exists in all male or greater part male corporate sheets in light of the fact that â€Å"they tend towards ‘the unsafe shift’ which brings about them intriguing with one another [and] additionally come up short on the assorted systems that are so significant to successful data search and choice making† (Gratton). Assorted variety advanced by sex standards â€Å"can give a more extensive scope of feeling, experience and systems administration yet in addition can help forestall mindless compliance that can upset innovation† (Dong-youb). By presenting more ladies, organizations can reate a domain that smothers oblivious conformity inclinations and considers a bigger assortment of thoughts and suppositions to be shared. Acquainting more ladies with corporate sheets through sexual orientation amounts can help the business â€Å"better comprehend the requirements of various clients and workers† and with the expanding globalization of the world’s economy, the client base and work power for organizations are in actuality getting progressively differing (Dong-youb). A superior comprehension of this undeniably differing gathering of individuals permits the business to support their business sectors appropriately and appreciate proceeded with benefit. Also, â€Å"women seem, by all accounts, to be step by step assuming responsibility for the economy†¦ ladies control around 70 percent of family unit spending† and with ladies settling on a greater amount of the monetary choices, the requirement for additional ladies on corporate sheets turns out to be significantly more extremely obvious (Bart). Particularly â€Å"in the purchaser segment [where] the items and services†¦ are principally purchased by women,† clearly naming more ladies to corporate sheets would bolster the expanding number of female customers by advancing their inclinations in business choices (Gratton). Organizations that decide to overlook this move in the public arena would squander the sufficient measure of ability that exists as of now, just as leaving behind the â€Å"estimated monetary advantages and lift to profitability of expanding female interest in the workforce†¦ at 11 percent of gross local product† (Coonan). â€Å"Diversity at the board-level additionally gives good examples at the highest point of the professional bureaucracy that empower yearning more youthful workers with non-customary capabilities or backgrounds† (Dong-youb). There have been an expanding number of ladies trying out advanced education in relation to men and an expansion in the quantity of ladies on corporate sheets would furnish those youthful hopeful ladies with a good example. Nonetheless, notwithstanding all the advantages that actualizing sexual orientation standards could have, there has not been as much change on the cosmetics of corporate sheets as would be normal and there is a gathering of individuals that â€Å"are getting baffled by an absence of progress around there and essentially need quotas†¦ as an impetus to disturb the dormancy and invigorate certifiable action† (Jury). Cons of Gender Quotas While there are numerous individuals who see the advantages of sexual orientation shares on corporate sheets and firmly bolster the usage of such, there are additionally individuals who see a sex amount as â€Å"wrong on a basic level, experiences issues by and by, is tokenistic and is counterproductive to the end goal† (Jury). A great part of the view that sexual orientation standards are not the answer for the absence of decent variety on corporate sheets can be added to the conviction that â€Å"the key models for a board arrangement must be ability and appropriateness† and this conviction is shared by the two organizations and the ladies that organizations utilize (Gratton). Everybody wants to be picked for specific positions dependent on merit instead of being picked for different reasons, since being picked dependent on merit recognizes qualities and excuses any allegations of particular treatment, particularly when determination forms are straightforward. Ladies confronting minority portrayal on corporate sheets are particularly unyielding that they â€Å"don’t need to go on a board as a token gesture[, they] need to be there in light of the fact that it’s meritorious† (McFarland). Ladies, much the same as men, need to be perceived for their aptitudes and accomplishments and not their appearance or sex; â€Å"no lady needs to be a token female[,] yet the ongoing call for amounts of ladies in the meeting room risks accomplishing precisely that† (Mantzarapis). Actualizing a sexual orientation quantity for corporate sheets can influence the elements of the working environment contrarily by advancing the recognition that ladies are just being selected onto sheets because of sex and not capacity. These presumptions and questions concerning the explanations for the advancement of ladies all add to â€Å"undermin[ing] her capacity from the beginning and may make it increasingly hard for her to demonstrate herself† (Mantzarapis). Regardless of whether the organization straightforwardly asserts that its choices depend just on merit and not sexual orientation, the presence of sex shares alone makes questions be gotten some information about the explanations for an advancement or arrangement regardless of what the genuine reasons are. Since a quantity framework dependent on sex would sabotage the benefits of those females who might be named to corporate loads up, those against sexual orientation portions accept â€Å"it would be an affront to ladies and an extraordinary insult to organizations if ladies are delegated to fill quotas†¦ as measures will definitely be undermined when a self-assertive numerical objective is set against a ridiculous timeline† (Khoo).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Satan in John Miltons Paradise Lost free essay sample

This article examines the portrayal of Satan in Book 1 of Paradise Lost by John Milton. This paper gives a short outline and translation of Paradise Lost. The creator contends that Satan displays three attributes of gallantry, insidious and basic human feeling. It looks at why a strict sonnet that legitimizes the methods of God to man presents a convincing picture of Satan, the very encapsulation of malevolence. To start, I will quickly sum up Miltons Poem, Paradise Lost. In Paradise Lost, John Milton adjusts the account of Genesis, as told into the Bible, into the type of an epic sonnet. Milton starts the sonnet by approaching an absolute necessity for help. Satan and his adherents are first appeared in heck, where they have been exiled for their insubordination to God himself. The severe ex-blessed messengers construct the royal residence Pandemonium, which goes about as a get together lobby for the incredible and furious evil spirits. In Pandemonium the evil spirits plot their retribution against God. We will compose a custom paper test on Satan in John Miltons Paradise Lost or on the other hand any comparable subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page They banter whether to vindicate their fall by taking up arms against God and paradise, or by depending on slyness against God himself.

Monday, July 27, 2020

OCD Reassurance Seeking Why Harmful and How to Deal

OCD Reassurance Seeking Why Harmful and How to Deal OCD Living With OCD Print OCD and Excessive Reassurance Seeking Providing reassurance to someone with OCD can make the issue worse By Owen Kelly, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on June 20, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 09, 2020 laflor/Getty Images More in OCD Living With OCD Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment Types Related Conditions One of the things that  family and friends of people affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder  (OCD) find to be the most stressful when interacting with their loved one is the excessive reassurance-seeking that can often accompany the condition. Excessive reassurance seeking is the need to check in with someone over and over again to make sure everything is OK with respect to a particular worry or obsession. While responding may seem supportive, it only serves to perpetuate OCD behaviors and thoughts. Examples of Excessive Reassurance Seeking Excessive reassurance seeking is a compulsive act done in hopes of reducing the anxiety associated with an obsession. The compulsion often goes up when levels of distress are high and/or when the person feels unable to tolerate uncertainty. What people feel the need to be reassured about varies, but there are often consistent themes for each individual. Running through a few hypothetical examples can help illustrate the various forms this tendency can take and how those around people with OCD may respond. Safety Paola experiences obsessions related to hitting someone while driving her car and not realizing it. When on the road, she asks her husband to look in the rearview mirror over and over again to make sure that pedestrians are safe. Although annoyed, her husband does not want her to feel anxious, so he does as asked and tells her everything is OK. Sexual Thoughts Jake has sexual obsessions related to raping a stranger. Even though Jake finds these thoughts distressing and does not want to have them, he is convinced these thoughts mean that he is a molester. He is constantly asking his brother whether that is true and whether he has ever seen him harm someone in this way. His brother refuses to discuss the issue, which causes Jake to become even more distressed. Health Donna is extremely worried that she will contract a sexually transmitted disease from doorknobs in public places. After washing her hands, she will often ask a friend, or even a stranger if her anxiety is high enough, whether her hands look clean or whether she should be worried about contracting an illness. Even if they tell her that she shouldnt be worried, she asks a number of but what if questions until she feels completely confident that her hands are clean. Friends and family now avoid going with her to public places because of her behavior. Death Zhang has obsessions related to his spouse dying in an accident. He will often call her many times a day at work to make sure she is alive and will sometimes become angry if he is unable to speak with her. His wifes coworkers have started to become concerned about the number of times he calls her at the office, and she is worried about the impact of this behavior on her career. How It Can Backfire No doubt, if you cater to someones excessive reassurance-seeking, your intentions are probably in the right place. It can be difficult to watch someone, especially someone you love, struggle in such a way, so your inclination may be to simply give them what they seemingly need to feel better. However, in the end, your efforts are likely only hardening the hold OCD has on them. It can also end up having a negative effect on you. Excessive reassurance seeking can result in the following unwanted results: It Gives the Obsession Validation Every time someone with OCD engages in a compulsion, it serves to reinforce the validity of the worry or obsession. After all, why seek reassurance if there is nothing to worry about? It Promotes Avoidance   It also reinforces the idea that the person cannot cope with the uncertainty or distress associated with an obsession, and that avoidance is the only way to deal with it. Avoidance is particularly harmful in the case of OCD as it keeps the person from discovering that their fears may be unfounded. Although excessive reassurance makes the person feel better in the short-term, in the long-term it only serves to perpetuate the symptoms of OCD. Its Harmful to Relationships   Friends and family members, who are often vital sources of social support, often become annoyed and withdraw from the affected person, which only serves to raise stress levels for all parties. Of course, stress is a major trigger of OCD symptoms and needs to be managed effectively. Providing Helpful Support Understanding that excessive reassurance-seeking is a compulsion that needs to be reduced or eliminated is the first step. This can often be done very effectively in family meetings facilitated by a mental health care provider or OCD therapist. Broadly speaking, there are two key strategies to keep in mind: Agree to Stop In the context of OCD treatment, patients, family, and friends alike must agree that asking for/providing excessive reassurance needs to stop. This can be difficult  for everyone. However, once family members realize that excessive reassurance-seeking is a form of compulsion, many are able to commit to this. Target the Main Issues It is often helpful for those with OCD and their family members to identify a number of situations in which the need for excessive reassurance arises and write down the response the individual typically seeks (such as your hands are clean and disease-free) on a card. He or she can then agree to pull out the card and read it whenever they would otherwise directly ask someone for the answer. While this still represents a compulsion, it reduces distress within the family and improves relationships with others. With respect to reducing the reassurance-seeking itself, one of the most effective strategies can be to teach your loved one with OCD  strategies for dealing with uncertainty.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Literature Review A Research Essay - 1741 Words

In order to better understand the topic of a discussion, a literature review is conducted. The literature review enables the researcher to look at different publications and researches, and to compare and contrast some of the major findings, outcomes, opinions, concepts, and ideas in order to better understand the topic or phenomenon under research. Through literature review, it is possible to better understand a given phenomenon and to positively deal with personal biases, inconsistencies, and irregularities. By looking at a wide array of sources, the researcher can familiarize herself with new findings, processes, observations, and perspectives, leading to a more accurate, reliable, valid, and authentic research process. Literature review plays an important role in aiding a researcher to achieve better outcomes by arranging his study in line with current trends. The literature review also gives the researcher some ideas about what to expect in their personal researches so that they can be better prepared for the study. 2.2 Technological Developments and Social Networking Sites When Hartshorne, Ajjan, and Cao (2016) conducted their study, they observed that there has been a significant increase in the number of social networking websites today. Indeed, Jacobsen and Forste (2011) argue that social networking websites have become an international phenomenon in recent years, with many individuals, especially teens and young adults becoming obsessed and addicted to thisShow MoreRelatedResearch Literature Review1653 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿ SOWK 562 – Summer 2014 Assignment #3: Intervention Literature Review July 20, 2014 Dr. Hsin-Yi Hsiao Intervention Description There are two distinct service models for persons experiencing homelessness that also have issues with mental illness and/or addictions, the treatment first model or the Housing First model. Housing First models utilize a supported housing approach in which consumers start with permanent, independent apartments and providers work with consumers regardlessRead MoreResearch Study On A Literature Review Essay1400 Words   |  6 Pages4.2 Research Hypothesis Hypothesis Researchers almost never conduct a study in an intellectual vacuum; their studies are usually under taken within the context of an existing knowledge base. It helps to lay the foundation for the study and also inspire new research idea. Hypothesis in other words is an assumption for the research, the researchers organizes his or her ideas and critically thinks what could be the reasons for the stated research questions; thinking of the reasons or possible causalRead MoreA Research Study On Literature Review1131 Words   |  5 PagesOne of the stages in writing a research paper is the literature review. Since there is very little that has not been studied in some form, good researchers find out all they can about their subjects before they commence their own study. Not only is it imperative to acquire what is already know about the subject, but a literature review enables the researcher to identify what is not known or well understood (Lanier Briggs, 2014). By conducti ng a literature review, one verifies what else needsRead MoreReview Of Literature And Research Design Essay1993 Words   |  8 Pages CHAPTER II REVIEW OF LITERATURE RESEARCH DESIGN REVIEW OF LITERATURE Eur and Resnick (1988) Eur and Resnick attempted to create ex bet portfolio choice systems to acknowledge potential additions from universal broadening under adaptable trade rates. For the exact investigation the Morgan Stanley Capital lntemational Perspective every day stock record values for the United States and the other six nations were embraced. The stock records of United States, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, SwitzerlandRead MoreAction Research Literature Review2754 Words   |  12 PagesExecutive Summary Action Research believes that Human organizations can only be understood as whole entities (Baskerville, 1999) and that social processes are best to be studied when change is introduced to observe the effects of these. Furthermore, It makes use of a cyclical approach in order for an initial holistic understanding of a social setting. The action research literature has strongly challenged the character of positivism. It is believed that this type of research is derived from a differentRead MoreMarketing Research Literature Review1259 Words   |  6 PagesMarketing research I have chosen the market research because it is the very first step of most economical process. Philip Kotler (1994) define the marketing research as â€Å"function that links the consumer, customer, and public to the marketer through information-information used to identify and define marketing opportunities and problems; to generate, refine, and evaluate marketing actions; to monitor marketing performance; and to improve understanding of the marketing process. Marketing researchRead MoreWater Quality Research Literature Review901 Words   |  4 PagesWater Quality Research Literature Review: Introduction: [work in progress] Turbidity: Turbidity refers to how clear water is. Turbidity determines how far light can penetrate into water. Excess soil erosion, dissolved solids or excess growth of microorganisms are most commonly the causes of high turbidity. Because water with a high turbidity can impede light, plants under the water may die as a result. Dead plants will not only result in less oxygen but the organic matter will only contributeRead MoreLiterature Review And Identification Of Research Environment Essay2117 Words   |  9 PagesI. Literature review and identification of research environment â€Å"If you’re not online, you’re off the radar† goes the advertisement from a local newspaper. The statement underlines the importance of having social presence in the World Wide Web. In this Social Network Era, businesses just like individual customers also have presence on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, and YouTube. The arrival of Web 2.0 allowed users to network and collaborate with one another using social media sites. JustRead MoreLiterature Review : Recidivism Therapy Research1763 Words   |  8 Pagesssignment 4 Literature Review Recidivism Therapy Research Recidivism therapy research can be a very effective tool, in the combat of lowering rates of recidivism. The focus in cognitive functioning of prisoners can be a very useful in the way we treat repeat offenders. Research shows that changing the way people think about certain behaviors, while providing them with support systems lowers the risk of recidivism rates. We especially see this in the rates of young offenders. Which isRead MoreLiterature Review. While There Has Been Research In Subjects1028 Words   |  5 PagesLiterature Review While there has been research in subjects dealing with turnover, things such as organizational strategies have not been studied much. Davis (2013) has stated that there is little research on the strategies employers do to minimize turnover. There have been different studies that have researched different factors in employee turnover and satisfaction. Studies have been done on the retention and turnover of older workers (Armstrong-Stassen Ursel, 2009), developing retention policies

Saturday, May 9, 2020

An analysis of the main reasons for the continued spread...

An analysis of the main reasons for the continued spread of HIV HIV, a virus only discovered in the late 1970s, has now become the most lethal virus around the world (UNAIDS, 2008). Scientifically HIV is a kind of virus which can destroy human’s immune system. Then, without defense of the body, other virus can easily infect body and ultimately results in death (WHO, 2013). Till the end of 2012, 35.3 millions of people live with HIV (WHO, 2013) and large quantities of family members suffer from the pain. Yet such a lethal disease only has three simple transmissions, through unprotected sex, blood, and maternal-neonatal pregnancy. However, the high mortality rate suggests that there is an urgent need to investigate deeper causes of HIV†¦show more content†¦For instance, in Botswana (Africa), men have dominant position in sex and condoms are seven times less likely to be used (UNAIDS, 2008). Research also found that men trend to be aggressive and sexual dominant, putting women in such a vulnerable situation in sexual relationships, e ven in rape and violate. (ICRW, 2007; WHO, 2007; UNAIDS, 2008). 40%-60%of women in Bangladesh and Thailand claimed to have sex abuse by spouses (Garcia-Moreno et al., 2005; UNAIDS, 2008). Moreover nearly 31% of countries do not have gender equity law to protect women rights (UNAIDS 2008).Those severe inequity may be a result of preference of boys’ ideology. In poor districts family income is only paid on boys’ education whereas girls are supposed to support family (UNDP, 2007).Without basic knowledge, HIV protection is difficult to be obtained by girls, not mention the proper right defense. All these inequities between men and women lead to vulnerability of women in HIV positive situation. It is also noticeable that addiction to drugs is a global burden and causes large number of HIV-positive individual, especially among adolescent’s transmission. Statistics shows that new trend for drug market has been focused on teenagers rather than adults (Nossal Institute, 2010). According to Mazibuko (2000), drug abuse at the age of 10-24 accounted for 60 percent of HIV new infectors. Reasons for using drugs vary differently. Chase for excitement, avoidance from pressure, andShow MoreRelatedBurroughs Wellcome Case Analysis Essay1126 Words   |  5 PagesClarissa Kowalczyk April 3 2012 MAR 499 Case Analysis Burroughs Wellcome Company: Retrovir Summary and Recommendation: As I have read the case it was presented that in January of 1990, Burroughs Wellcome executives were under continued pressure to reduce the price of Retrovir, a drug which had been found to be effective in the treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrom (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). After careful review of the data and the case I have come up with theRead More African Americans, HIV and AIDA Essay2302 Words   |  10 Pagesinfected with AIDS and 40,000-80,000 new infections with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) each year. There are few people who do not know someone who has died of AIDS, and it is estimated that, early in the new millennium, some forty million people worldwide will be infected with HIV, and ten million of them will develop AIDS. Research and statistics reveals that individual behavior is the strongest determinant of HIV and AIDS risk. This high-risk behavior place them in danger and is passed on to othersRead MoreHealth Disparities Of Botswana And The United States1876 Words   |  8 Pagesreproductive health has caused issues with women and their health. The main issue that was found was the prevalence in of STI’s, especially HIV. It is continuing to increase in the number of people infected. The purpose of the paper is to explore some reasons why the issues are continuing to arise and also suggestions on how to combat them. Through research it was found that many social aspects could be correlated to the overall reason of not being sexually healthy. This paper will start wit h giving generalRead MoreObjectives Of The Millennium Development Goals1478 Words   |  6 Pagesenvironmental sustainability. The eight goals are focus on different section the eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and develop a global partnership for development. The aim of this essay is critical discuss the design and the progress of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of each goalsRead MoreHiv/Aids Pandemic in Liberia5712 Words   |  23 PagesBusiness College Stella Maris Polytechnic St. Joseph Campus, Capitol Hill, Monrovia, Liberia Course Title: English 201: Sophomore English I Topic: HIV/AIDS PANDEMIC: â€Å"Its Social Ramifications and Impacts on the Liberian Society† Thesis: Perhaps the most life-threatening, incurable but preventive disease to the human race is the HIV/AIDS Pandemic, and the awareness and understanding of its social ramifications and impacts on the Liberian society is paramount. Prepared by: JohnsonRead MoreAmebicides, Antibiotics and Antivirals (+definitions of well known diseases)6482 Words   |  26 Pagesof a chemical that the parasites produce to protect themselves once inside the red blood cells, this treatment results in the destruction of malaria thus curing the disease. Task 2 HIV Stages of development There are 3 stages in which HIV develops. Acute Infection: Within 2-4 weeks after infection with HIV, you can experience an acute illness, which is often described as severe flu. During this time of infection, large amounts of viruses are produced in your body. The virus uses CD4 cellsRead MoreTesting And Treatment Of Hiv 12811 Words   |  12 Pagesdemonstrated how resistances to certain HIV-1 anti-retrovirals are arising. As presented in the appendix, this specific section will evaluate the results from many randomized control trials (RCTs), case control studies, prospective cohort studies with and without controls, retrospective cohort studies with and without controls and cross-sectional studies. HIV-1 integrase inhibitors: HIV-1 integrase is one of the key enzymes required for the successful replication of HIV-1 and is often a common therapeuticRead MoreHiv/Aids Summary of Research Study8804 Words   |  36 PagesPROBLEM Introduction Infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) results in destruction of the body’s host defenses and immune system leading to the condition called Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV-AIDS is one of the world’s greatest public health crises. For many years, because of lack of understanding and effective treatment, it is now considered a rapidly progressing fatal disease. HIV infection in humans is considered pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO)Read MoreManagement Accounting4264 Words   |  18 Pages 1. a) What is the rationale of founders of (product) Red? Their main reason for creating Product Red was to raise awareness and money for the Global Fund by teaming up with the world’s most iconic brands to products that would be sold. A percentage of each product sold would be donated to the Global Fund to help women and children affected by pandemics such HIV/AIDS and malaria. A basket of consumer goods were launched to this effect which included Product Red- American express card, vintageRead MoreThe Effects Of Religiosity And Culture On Adolescent Std Rates2944 Words   |  12 Pagesparasites; there are more than 20 types of STD’S. The germs that cause STD’s could be hidden in seamen, blood, and vaginal secretions and in some cases saliva (CDC). Transmission could be spread through vaginal sex, anal sex, and some with skin-to-skin contact. The most notable sexually transmitted diseases are HIV/AIDS, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia, Syphilis, Pelvic Inflammatory disease, Herpes, Gonorrhea, and Trichomaniais. Some of these diseases could be cured if caught early, but unfortunately

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Culture Lens Free Essays

Culture lens Ford went through a hard time, not just because of the outside gloomy economics, but also the pressure of a dysfunctional, often defeatist culture. In Ford’s long business history, culture is not constant; it evolves, the business culture had been changed generation by generation in the economic progress and globalization. Both of essence and dross has been passed down in a grown bureaucracy, where people lost their innovation and structure is messy. We will write a custom essay sample on Culture Lens or any similar topic only for you Order Now The new chief executive of Ford Motor Co. , Alan R. Mulally was taking a culture revolution in this giant machine in order to pull it out of the deep mud. Organization values †¢Pioneered modern management techniques Period 1: Ford is the birthplace of the assembly line and home of the celebrated Whiz Kids, which highly increase the efficiency in the production and copied by the other companies. Period 2: After 1960s, Ford fell into a reverse way and has degenerated into a symbol of inefficiency. Right now, it has four parallel operating units and the company has more than 30 engineering platforms worldwide, each with its own costly bureaucracy, factories, and product development staff. Period 3: Mulally took a big step and would like to reduce the level of complexity. He wants to get that number down to five or six platforms, similar to Honda. More importantly, Ford tries to eliminate all of its unnecessary duplication. †¢Cooperation and efficiency Period 1: After assembly line been introduced to the world, Ford impressed all of their competitors by their highly cooperated work and their efficiency, employees worked together and impede the flaws passing to the next connection. Until the mid-’60s, Ford was considered a management shrine. Period 2: The bureaucracy at Ford grew, and managers took refuge in the structure when things got tough rather than innovate or try new ideas that seemed risky. Personal ties became important in Ford, ambitious managers focused increasingly on kissing the right rings instead of racking up results, which discouraged collaboration. Period 3: With Mulally’s idea, moving job tenures to a long tenure, collaboration would become more important in the future production and management. He has made it a top priority to encourage his team to admit mistakes, to share more information, and to cooperate across divisions †¢Customer focus Period 1: Ford focused on customer needs, developed scientific consumer research techniques, which was one of the first auto companies to create products that were based on hard data rather than the personal tastes of executives. Period 2: Employees consider more about their logics than customers’ needs. The tendency of employees is to rationalize mistakes instead of fixing them. Period 3: Mulally wants managers to think more about customers than their own careers. Shared assumptions †¢Rationalize problem instead of fixing problems In the example, it is easy to tell that employees’ logic with problems, rationalizing mistakes instead of fixing them and focusing on customers’ needs. †¢Royal hierarchy Within almost half century’s development, Ford has been fallen into a costly bureaucracy structure. People in the organization have their own status, and it is not allowed to share information freely, manager focus on their rings more than their jobs. †¢Mediocrity is acceptable Weary corporate lifers have become all too comfortable with the idea of losing money. They do not think about to fix problems or try new ideas that seemed risk but took refuge in the structure when things got tough. †¢Resist with outsiders Ford is a place that’s notorious for destroying auto industry outsiders–and Mulally is admittedly no car guy. Despite Bill Ford’s strong backing, employees are looks arrogant and resist the revolution from outside. Symbols †¢blue oval logo Ford’s logo is highly impressive by their customers, even in the economic crisis, Ford still can pledge their icon to finance enough money from banks and bondholders to turnaround. Assembly line This new product line created quite a stir when it had been introduced to product line; it changed the way manufacturing factory to run their business. What’s more, it is still significantly influence the world and operated in almost all of the manufacturing business. †¢Henry Ford Henry Ford obviously is an outstanding personage in business area, he invente d auto business and changed the way people assemble their products. Even right now, when people talk about Ford, we still cannot ignore his impact in the auto area. †¢Bureaucratic organization There are no other companies like Ford, has a high level of complexity within their organization structure. There are four parallel operating units and more than 30 engineering platforms worldwide. On the other side, duplication was common in the company; no two vehicles in Ford’s lineup share the same mirrors, headlamps, or even such mundane pieces as the springs and hinges for the hood. Changes in culture system can be slow and painful for an organization, especially in the high developed bureaucracy. However, the importance to take the revolution is obviously, with regard to globalization and fierce competition. How to cite Culture Lens, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Teaching Assistant free essay sample

Describe the key aspects of the role of a teaching assistant The key aspect of a teaching assistant is to carry out a range of different practical and administrative tasks. As well as, work under the direction of the teaching staff or senior staff in the supervision and support of the pupil’s learning. By doing this the teaching assistant is helping to make more time available for the teacher to teach, however the role of a teaching assistant may vary from school to school. The teaching assistant is required to support the following: * Supporting the teacher * Supporting the pupil * Supporting the school * Supporting the curriculum Supporting the teacher One of the primary responsibilities is to arranged the classroom according to the lessons and to insure the pupils work activities are displayed throughout the classroom. Observe and record the pupils behaviour, problems, progress and academics achievements as well as report the findings to the teacher. We will write a custom essay sample on Teaching Assistant or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Provide administration assistant as when and needed. Another responsibility of the teaching assistant is to work under direction of the teaching staff and senior staff in the classroom. Supporting the pupils Assist the pupils with their personal needs and help implant related personal programmes such as; * Social * Health * Physical * Hygiene * First aid * Welfare As well as building and maintain a good relationships with the pupils, by being a good role model and also responding to their individuals needs appropriately. Another responsibility is to observe and ensure the health and safety of the pupils who have access to the learning environment. Promote the welfare and acceptance of all pupils, motivate pupils to interact with others and participate in activites given by the teachers and also support the pupils to act independently when it’s appropriate. Supporting the school The teaching assistant needs to be knowledgeable of the policies and procedures relating to child protection, health, safety and security, confidentiality and data protection and reporting all concerns to an appropriate staff member. The teaching assistant also has to be aware of and support difference and make sure all pupils have equal access to opportunities to learn and develop. Attend meetings that are required. Continue personal development by participating in training and other learning activities and performance. Provide supervision of pupils out of lesson times i. e. including before and after school and lunchtimes. Assist teaching staff and pupils on visits, trips and out of school activities as required. Teaching assistant in schools provide an important role in the education supporting the wellbeing of the pupil in school and consistently providing input to raise the standard of the school Supporting the curriculum Supporting the curriculum the teaching assistants are not just part of the staff but are part of a team. The teaching assistant have the responsibilities to help the pupils understand instructions as well as help prepare the pupils with the regard of the local and national strategies which is given by the teacher e. g. numeracy, ks3, early years etc. Support the pupils in using basic ICT skills and to help prepare and maintain the equipment, resources as directed by the teacher and assist pupils in their use. Teaching Assistant free essay sample Describe how you might contribute to a lesson given to a group of seven year-old children learning to play percussion instruments? The role of the Teaching Assistant is to create and maximise the learning environment and to keep disturbing behaviour to a minimum. With this in mind my contribution to the learning of percussion instrument s would be. * Prior to the lesson taking place, I would make sure that the area they are going to be using is safe to the pupils and the instruments to be set up. If there is any other equipment is in the area which is not needed for the lesson, I would then put them away to another safe place. * That there is adequate equipment and that all instruments are in good working order prior to use. * I would also make sure I had a good knowledge of the instruments prior to the lesson, if I didn’t I would ask the teacher to clarify the names and also how they were to be used. We will write a custom essay sample on Teaching Assistant or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Then I can help show what the correct way to play the instruments are. * Going around the class and assisting any children who are struggle using the instruments, showing them how to hold and play with them. Making sure that music sheets are available if needed. * I would keep an eye on all pupils to make sure that they are behaving and help keep the pupils interested during the lesson to make sure that they don’t cause disruptive behaviour * As part of the role of a teaching assistant is observation, to within this in mind I will make observations to make sure they are following the objections of the lesson and following the guidelines * I will then provide my feedback of the lesson, to either the children or the teacher Q2 what might your role be in organising, using and maintaining the learning resources, materials and equipment? I would assist in the preparation of the resources, ensuring the classroom was set up before the lesson begins. To also ensure that all the instruments are set up correctly as instructed for the individual instrument and for how the teacher would like them. While doing this check I will make sure they are clean and in a safe working order. So the lesson can run smoothly we need to work out if they can work individually or within small groups. If the groups are to be using music sheets then I will make sure they are in good condition and if any of them need replacing. I would also encourage the children at the end of the lesson to be responsible to put the instruments away, but dependant of their age this might vary of how much they are allowed to do, to make sure it’s done correctly and safely to avoid any damages to the equipment, if any were damaged I would report this to the teacher to arrange either a replacement or to be repaired. I would also make sure that at the end of the lesson that all the work surfaces are clean and the classroom back to the how it would have been found at the beginning of the lesson. Q3 Describe how you act in class in order to be an effective role model for the standards of behaviour expected in pupils. As a teaching assistant it is essential to be an effective role model to promote positive behaviour both within the class and also in the school when around other pupils, teachers and staff. Pupils cannot be expected to behave in class if your own behaviour is not appropriate. It is also important to use appropriate language and that good manners are always used at all time, this would also apply when speaking to other adults and pupils. I would also show respect for other pupils and listen to them and help encourage them to show the same courtesy to you and others. This would also apply to following school rules and to make sure these are being adhered to. It is important to notice when children are trying hard and acknowledge it. But it is also important to not forget pupils who behave inappropriate and try and encourage them or to offer a reward be it sticker or reward chart. Positive recognition must always be followed up, for example if you have told a pupil you will tell the teacher of their good behaviour then this should be followed up and the teacher made aware of this. I would also encourage children to work as part of a team, pay attention and concentrate on the task. I would also offer support to those pupils who felt isolated or were not getting involved in the task set by the teacher. It is also important for the teaching assistant to be a good role model and is not only focused on the pupil’s behaviour but also their learning as well. Example of this could be a child in the class who is not confident enough to speak out loudly when involved in a group task, you could build up a rapport with the child and to try and work with them about ideas they have and to then encourage them to use these ideas with in the group. Q4 what strategies might you employ to encourage pupils to behave appropriately? Describe how you might react to incidents of bullying and violence. To encourage pupils to behave appropriately I would get them involved with making the rules, keeping them simple and not to make too many as this may distract them from why rules are there. I would look at designing posters for the wall which the pupils can work in group to put their own stamp on the rules. I would also encourage them strongly to adhere to these rules and what consequences may be if not followed. I would also encourage pupils of good standards of behaviour at all times and reward them for this i. . stickers or reward charts. This will then reduce any form a behaviour problems from occurring. Be proactive and to prepare things in advance by doing this it will reduce and problems occurring. And also to imagine any possible problems that may occur though out the lesson. All signs of bullying or violence should be taken seriously and reported and logged with the teacher or other school staff. I would als o make sure that any signs of bullying or violence is acted upon correctly to make sure or minimize it from happening in the future. This should be made aware to the pupils by the teacher and to also act upon any kind of follow up as directed from the teacher if bullying or violence is found be it in the classroom or outside the classroom. This could be dealt with by dealing with the incident individually and to assess what needs are required to eliminate this from happening in the future. I feel very strongly against anti-bullying and child protection so would make sure the pupils feel I can be approachable if they need someone to talk about. Q7. Describe how you might appropriately observe the physical abilities and skills of a nine year old boy. The first thing I would do is to find out exactly what the teacher is after from the observation. This way when I report back then we know I have been getting the right information. The observation would need to be carried out on normal day for the pupil so that you can see them at their full advantage and be able to report it correctly. To do a good observation you need to make sure the pupils don’t know what’s happening otherwise they won’t be themselves. This will entail a false observation and you won’t get a true result of their day to day behaviour . When observing the pupil I would attempt to make some rapport with the pupil so that they could comfortable with me being around them, especially if I am not generally known to them. Whilst doing the observation I would be looking for their- o Social and emotional – how they interact with other o Instructions – how they deal with group or individual tasks o Language and communication skills – how to speak to others o Physical abilities – how they move or handle objects